The Tranquil Hangzhou, West Lake of China

The Tranquil Hangzhou, West Lake of China

West Lake or Xī Hú
West Lake or Xī Hú in Hangzhou

It took us a while to get used to our China Odyssey tour guide’s sense of distance and time. Our guides quick 15 walk from the hotel to the lake turned into a 40 minute hike! Our group might have been a tad more unfit than he thought so this could have been why his time estimate was way off.

We walked across the TwistBridge on the Lake to a small island where we then had lunch before taking a boat across the huge lake. West Lake or Xī Hú is a freshwater lake located in the historic area of Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province in eastern China. There are numerous temples, pagodas, gardens, and artificial islands within this huge lake.

The lake is divided by Gu Shan, Bai, Su and Yanggong Causeways into five areas. “Gu Shan” or Gu Hill is the largest natural island in the lake. WestLake is not only famous for its picturesque landscape, it is also associated with many scholars, national heroes and revolutionary martyrs, thus embracing many aspects of Chinese culture. Held in the embrace of hilly peaks on three sides, this water wonderland has been an attraction for centuries and it is small wonder that it was a favourite imperial retreat. The lake and its environs have all the elements of a traditional Chinese garden but on a grand scale.

Cruising on WestLake, we were all caught in the peaceful atmosphere and charm of the beautiful surroundings. The lake looked like a landscape painting, and I felt as though I had stepped into a land of magic and fantasy.

To the south of the centre of the OuterLake is a man made island known as the Island of Little Oceans, that encloses four small lakes. From here one can view the Three Pools Mirroring the Moon when at night candles are lit in stone lanterns jutting out of the water thus creating the impression of the reflections of three moons. The scene is depicted on the 1 yen note.

Ripping water shimmering on sunny day,
Misty mountains shrouded the rain; 
Plain or gaily decked out like Xizi;
WestLake is always alluring.”

These are the words composed by the famous Song Dynasty poet Su Dongpo (960-1127) when he compared the West Lake to Xi Zi, the most beautiful woman in ancient China. These poetic sentiments leave one in no doubt of the glory of the scenery that inspired them. WestLake has influenced poets and painters throughout the ages for its natural beauty and historical relics, and it has been among the most important sources of inspiration for Chinese garden designers. It was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2011.

The Tranquil Hangzhou, West Lake of China
The scene is depicted on the 1 yen note


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