How do you celebrate your birthday when it is -30 degrees outside? You go down into Stalin’s secret bunker and go for a ride on Moscow’s circle line.
Komsomolskaya is located under the busiest Moscow transport hub, Komsomolskaya Square, which serves the 3 main railway stations. Because of that the station is one of the busiest in the whole system and is the most crowded one on the line.
Once on the platform level, there is an imposing Baroque ceiling, with accompanying friezes, painted yellow. Supporting the enlarged barrel vault are 68 octagonal columns covered with white marble, and topped with baroque pillars. The platform is lit up by chandeliers.
The theme of the design, the Historical Russian fight for freedom and independence, is expressed in eight large ceiling mosaics by Pavel Korin. Korin said that the inspiration came from Joseph Stalin’s speech at the Moscow Parade of 1941, where he inspired the soldiers amid the catastrophic losses in the early period of World War II to remember the historical heroics of their Russian forefathers.
In 1951 both Pavel Korin (posthumously) was awarded the Stalin Prize for his work on the station and in 1958 the station was awarded the Grand Prix (“Grand Prize”) title of Expo ’58 in Brussels.
It was originally called Botanichesky Sad after the Botanical Gardens of the Moscow State University which is located nearby. The theme of this station and the overall colour tone was inspired by the Botanical Gardens. The pillars are all white marble, and are covered with ceramic floral carvings. The colourful glass arches depict different aspects in the development of agriculture in the Soviet Union and is actually very beautiful.
The station hall is covered with white marble and the walls are decorated with plaques depicting atomic and molecular structures. The station is decorated with unusual lighting fixtures resembling lattice.